To save its future, will this Md. town have to destroy its historic business district?
2018-12-12 00:00:00


JUDY WOODRUFF: Climate change is forcing manycommunities across the country to think about(1)
JUDY WOODRUFF:气候变化正在迫使全国许多社区进行思考

new ways of adapting.(2)
新的适应方式。

One town in Maryland has been hit especiallyhard.(3)
马里兰州的一个小镇遭受了特别严重的打击。

John Yang and a team of students from theUniversity of Maryland Capital News Service(4)
John Yang和马里兰大学资本新闻服务的学生团队

visited Ellicott City to explore the town'sfuture, and produced this report for our weekly(5)
访问了埃利科特市,探索该镇的未来,并为我们的每周制作了这份报告

segment the Leading Edge.(6)
细分前沿。

JOHN YANG: It's a town people love, its streamsand hills, its historic architecture and quaint(7)
JOHN YANG:这是一个人们热爱的城镇,溪流和丘陵,历史悠久的建筑和古雅

shops.(8)
商店。

It's no surprise that "Money" magazine recentlynamed Ellicott City, Maryland, one of America's(9)
毫不奇怪,“钱”杂志最近将马里兰州埃利科特城命名为美国之一

best places to live, so attractive that, inrecent years, its population has exploded.(10)
最好的居住地,如此有吸引力,近年来,它的人口已经爆炸。

It was originally built as a mill town, channelingmultiple waterways down to the flour mill,(11)
它最初建成一个磨坊镇,将多条水道引入面粉厂,

one of the first in the country.(12)
这个国家的第一个。

It has a history of flooding.(13)
它有洪水的历史。

JON WEINSTEIN, Former Howard County Councilman:The thing about Ellicott City is, about 250(14)
JON WEINSTEIN,前霍华德县议员:关于埃利科特城的事情是,约250

years ago, it was designed to do exactly whathas happened during these floods.(15)
几年前,它的目的是完成这些洪水期间发生的事情。

JOHN YANG: But the 21st century effects arevery different.(16)
杨乔恩:但21世纪的影响却截然不同。

Outgoing Howard County Councilman Jon Weinsteinrepresented the town for four years.(17)
即将离任的霍华德郡议员乔恩·温斯坦代表该镇四年。

JON WEINSTEIN: Every drop of water that fallsin this watershed converges at this point(18)
JON WEINSTEIN:落在这个流域的每一滴水都汇聚在这一点上

and is constricted.(19)
并且受到限制。

It goes where it wants to go, combinationof climate change, upstream development and(20)
这是它想要去的地方,气候变化,上游发展和

just simply the way the town is built.(21)
只是简单的城镇建设方式。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN, Business Owner: I haveto say, you know, I would have my doubts if(22)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN,企业主:我必须说,你知道,如果,我会怀疑

it were raining really hard, if I would wantto come and shop in Ellicott City at that(23)
如果我想来埃利科特城购物那真的很难下雨

time.(24)
时间。

JOHN YANG: For 20 years, Joan Eve Shea-Cohenhas had an antique business that she runs(25)
JOHN YANG:20年来,Joan Eve Shea-Cohen经营着一家古董公司

with some help from her friend Gary Weltner.(26)
在她的朋友Gary Weltner的帮助下。

GARY WELTNER, Ellicott City Resident: I worrythat, suddenly, one day, there will be no(27)
埃利科特市居民GARY WELTNER:我担心,突然,有一天,将会有

Ellicott City, Maryland.(28)
马里兰州埃利科特市。

911 OPERATOR: Howard County 911.(29)
911运营商:霍华德县911。

WOMAN: Oh, my God.(30)
女人:哦,天哪。

JOHN YANG: In 2016, a devastating flood destroyedthe downtown business district.(31)
JOHN YANG:2016年,一场毁灭性的洪水摧毁了市中心商业区。

911 OPERATOR: Ma'am, what's going on?(32)
911运营商:女士,发生了什么事?

WOMAN: The water is above the door.(33)
女人:水在门上方。

It's coming in the building.(34)
它正在进入大楼。

We need someone to come in.(35)
我们需要有人进来。

We have no place to go up.(36)
我们没有地方可以上去。

Oh, my God.(37)
哦,我的上帝。

911 OPERATOR: What's going on?(38)
911运营商:发生了什么事?

WOMAN: There are cars -- there are cars flyingdown the street.(39)
女人:有车 - 有车在街上飞。

JOHN YANG: It was called a freak storm, aonce-in-a-lifetime event, three people dead,(40)
杨约翰:这被称为一场怪异的风暴,一次千载难逢的事件,三人死亡,

most buildings in the lower town gutted.(41)
下城的大多数建筑物都被毁坏了。

Joan Eve and other people of Main Street dippedinto their life savings to rebuild.(42)
Joan Eve和Main Street的其他人为了重建而挽救了他们的人生储蓄。

They would come back stronger than ever.(43)
他们会比以往更强大。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: No doubts that I wasgoing to come back.(44)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:毫无疑问我会回来。

JOHN YANG: She took what had been destroyed,and made it sparkle.(45)
杨约翰:她拿走了被摧毁的东西,并使它闪闪发光。

Then, this past Memorial Day weekend, MainStreet learned it had not been a once-in-a-lifetime(46)
然后,在过去的阵亡将士纪念日周末,主街得知这不是千载难逢的一生

storm after all.(47)
毕竟风暴。

GARY WELTNER: I remember, early in the day,it was beautiful.(48)
GARY WELTNER:我记得,当天早些时候,它很漂亮。

And sometime in the mid-afternoon, anothershop owner came up and visited, and said,(49)
在下午的某个时候,另一位店主上前来访,并说,

you know, the rain is starting, and it's notlooking good.(50)
你知道,雨已经开始了,看起来并不好看。

So we, of course, kept an eye on the water,and decided that this could become a very(51)
当然,我们一直关注着水,并决定这可能会成为一个非常重要的问题

serious situation, but hopefully not a repeatof 2016.(52)
严重的情况,但希望不是2016年的重复。

Suddenly, about, I would say it was around4:15, we noticed that the water that was coming(53)
突然间,我会说它是在4点15分左右,我们注意到即将到来的水

over onto the sidewalk was now starting tocome in the front door.(54)
在人行道上现在开始进入前门。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: And, Gary, if he hadn'tbeen there, I don't know what I would have(55)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:而且,Gary,如果他不在那里,我不知道我会拥有什么

done.(56)
完成。

I don't think I would have made it.(57)
我不认为我会成功。

GARY WELTNER: So, as the water started comingin, we moved a few things, thinking that all(58)
GARY WELTNER:所以,当水开始进入时,我们提出了一些想法,认为这一切

of this is going to pass.(59)
这将是通过。

And it didn't.(60)
它没有。

The water continued to come in.(61)
水继续进来。

I tried the back door of the building, andit was dead-bolted.(62)
我试了一下建筑物的后门,它被拴在了一起。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: Then he went to the frontdoor, and he could not open that door.(63)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:然后他走到前门,他无法打开那扇门。

The pressure of the water from the streetwas already rising, and he couldn't open the(64)
来自街道的水的压力已经上升,他无法打开

door.(65)
门。

And when he did try to push it a little bit,then all this water started coming in, and(66)
当他试图推动它时,所有这些水开始进入,并且

then it was coming in.(67)
然后它进来了。

GARY WELTNER: At one point, when I'm at thefront of the shop, I noticed that there were(68)
GARY WELTNER:有一次,当我在商店的前面时,我注意到有

two cars very close together actually floatingdown the street.(69)
两辆车非常靠近,实际上漂浮在街上。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: And Gary, I mean, hewas amazing.(70)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:加里,我的意思是,他很棒。

He just focused.(71)
他只关注。

He focused on what we should do.(72)
他专注于我们应该做的事情。

GARY WELTNER: And, suddenly, the back leftcorner of the building just exploded.(73)
GARY WELTNER:突然,建筑物的左后角刚刚爆炸。

When that moment arrived, the showcases thatwere at the back suddenly started falling(74)
当那一刻到来时,后面的陈列柜突然开始下降

over, almost domino-like.(75)
结束,几乎像多米诺骨牌一样。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: It was like, oh, my God,you know, how are we going to get out of here?(76)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:就像,哦,天哪,你知道,我们怎么会离开这里?

I mean, we couldn't get out the back door,and, now all of a sudden, showcases are following(77)
我的意思是,我们无法走出后门,现在突然间,陈列柜正在跟随

me around in the water and toppling over.(78)
我在水中翻倒并翻倒。

And I didn't want to drown in my store.(79)
而且我不想淹死在我的商店里。

GARY WELTNER: As we are moving quickly tothe front of the building, you know, ready(80)
GARY WELTNER:当我们快速移动到建筑物的前面时,你知道,准备好了

to get out, I looked back and I saw a verylarge all-glass showcase tumbling into Joan(81)
走了出去,我回头看了一眼,看到一个非常大的全玻璃陈列柜翻到了琼

Eve's direction.(82)
夏娃的方向。

So much was happening so quickly, and I knewthat, if I lost my focus, that we may lose(83)
这么快就发生了这么多,我知道,如果我失去了注意力,我们可能会失败

our lives.(84)
我们的生命。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: But Gary had the smarts.(85)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:但Gary有聪明才智。

He took an antique candlestick telephone,which was made out of metal, and he broke(86)
他拿了一个用金属制成的古董烛台电话,他打破了

the glass in the top of the door, and he justsaid, Joanie, I want you to hold onto me as(87)
门顶的玻璃杯,他只是说,Joanie,我希望你抓住我

tight as you can.(88)
尽你所能。

Do not let go.(89)
别放手。

GARY WELTNER: Inside of the store, it wasprobably about just above our knees.(90)
GARY WELTNER:在商店里面,它可能就在我们的膝盖之上。

But, outside, when we did step out into it,it was almost immediately up to the waist.(91)
但是,在外面,当我们走出它时,它几乎立即到达腰部。

JOHN YANG: To get from Joan Eve's shop toa second-story porch right over there, Gary(92)
JOHN YANG:从Joan Eve的商店到那边的二层门廊,Gary

dragged himself along this railing, with JoanEve on his back.(93)
沿着这条栏杆拖着自己,Joan Eve背对着他。

911 OPERATOR: Howard County 911.(94)
911运营商:霍华德县911。

JOHN YANG: Someone spotted them, and called911.(95)
杨YANG:有人发现了他们,并打电话给911。

WOMAN: Yes, there are two people stuck onTiber River.(96)
女人:是的,有两个人被困在台伯河上。

The water is almost above their heads.(97)
水几乎高过头顶。

GARY WELTNER: The water was up to our chins.(98)
GARY WELTNER:水在我们的下巴上。

And I thought, if we had waited three or fourminutes more, we probably wouldn't be sitting(99)
我想,如果我们等了三四分钟,我们可能就不会坐了

here today talking to you.(100)
今天在这里跟你说话。

JOHN YANG: The town's leaders had to do something.(101)
杨致远:镇上的领导人必须做点什么。

What they proposed was radical, tearing down10 buildings here in the historic heart of(102)
他们提出的是激进的,在历史悠久的中心地区拆毁了10座建筑物

this town, including Joan Eve's shop.(103)
这个小镇,包括Joan Eve的商店。

That would widen the river channel, and createan open space.(104)
这将扩大河道,并创造一个开放空间。

They hoped that would reduce the severityof future floods by allowing the water to(105)
他们希望通过允许水来减少未来洪水的严重程度

spread out.(106)
扩散;传播开。

The cost?(107)
成本?

Fifty million dollars.(108)
五千万美元。

The fate of Ellicott City is now in the handsof the incoming county council.(109)
埃利科特城的命运现在掌握在即将召开的县议会手中。

Many have doubts about spending $50 million,when there are demands for more schools, more(110)
许多人怀疑花费5000万美元,当需要更多学校时,更多

roads, more housing.(111)
道路,更多住房。

Some are horrified by the idea of destroyingbuildings in the heart of town.(112)
一些人对在城镇中心摧毁建筑物的想法感到震惊。

Former Councilman Weinstein understands thedilemma.(113)
前议员温斯坦理解这种困境。

JON WEINSTEIN: I think it's a valid concern.(114)
JON WEINSTEIN:我认为这是一个有效的问题。

But then you have to weigh that with the practicalaspects of, if we don't take this bold step,(115)
但是,如果我们不采取这一大胆措施,你必须权衡实际方面,

then what will be left of the town if anotherstorm happens?(116)
如果另一场风暴发生,镇上会留下什么?

GARY WELTNER: I just think that it is unfortunatethat these buildings have become, essentially,(117)
GARY WELTNER:我认为很遗憾这些建筑基本上已成为

the victim of urban development.(118)
城市发展的受害者。

JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN: If you have to have buildingsremoved for the safety of the people, what(119)
JOAN EVE SHEA-COHEN:如果为了人们的安全而必须拆除建筑物,那么

-- why is there any other thought?(120)
- 为什么还有其他想法?

GARY WELTNER: I think about the most recentevent in Florida, and what happened in North(121)
GARY WELTNER:我想起佛罗里达州最近发生的事件,以及北方发生的事情

Carolina, and what's happened in Puerto Rico,and what has happened in Texas, and the wildfires(122)
卡罗来纳州,波多黎各发生了什么,德克萨斯州发生了什么,以及野火

in California, and I can truly empathize withthese people.(123)
在加利福尼亚,我真的能够同情这些人。

So, I think we need to take a very good lookat how we build, the decisions that are made,(124)
所以,我认为我们需要非常好地了解我们如何构建,做出的决策,

so we can guarantee a healthier Earth forfuture generations.(125)
所以我们可以为后代保证一个更健康的地球。

JOHN YANG: These people are hardly alone infacing climate changes, but, here, the question(126)
杨扬:这些人在面对气候变化时并不孤单,但问题就在这里

is immediate.(127)
是立即的。

Do they have to destroy the heart of townin order to save its future?(128)
他们是否必须摧毁城镇的心脏才能挽救未来?

And can they come up with an answer beforethe next big rain?(129)
他们能在下一场大雨之前得出答案吗?

For the "PBS NewsHour," I am John Yang inEllicott City, Maryland.(130)
对于“PBS NewsHour”,我是马里兰州Ellicott市的John Yang。


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