Extreme Cold Freezes Much of United States
2014-01-11 00:30:44

From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.(1)

A weather system known as a polar vortex brought dangerously cold weather to large parts of the United States this week.(2)

A polar vortex is a cold, thick low pressure system. The air turns counter-clockwise when on the move.(3)

The polar vortex started up in Canada. After crossing the border, it moved deep into the southeastern United States.(4)
极地涡旋开始在加拿大。穿越边境后, 它搬进深美国东南部地区。

The polar vortex brought the coldest temperatures in more than 20 years to many areas. Anise Jenkins lives in Washington, DC.(5)
极地涡旋给许多地区在 20 年以上带来的最冷的温度。八角茴香詹金斯住在华盛顿。

“I have a coat on. I have three sweaters. I have two blouses. I have a thermal on and I don’t feel like I have anything on.”(6)

Another woman, named Amanda, lives nearby in Maryland.(7)

“It’s DC. It’s not supposed to be this cold.”(8)

The weather was also a shock to visitors from overseas. Deepak from India was visiting his sister in New York.(9)

“Tears just come out from my eyes and my head inside like a freezy. Oh, my God. Oh, my God.”(10)
"眼泪刚出来从我的眼睛和脑子里面像 freezy。哦,我的上帝。哦,我的上帝."

The extreme weather started with a low-pressure system near the North Pole. The Arctic air was pushed as far south as Alabama on wind currents known as the jet stream.(11)

The bitter cold covered much of the central United States, forcing schools, government offices and businesses to close.(12)
又冷又涵盖很多美国中部,迫使学校、 政府机关、 企业关闭。

Camden Walker is a reporter for the Washington Post. He is part of the newspaper’s Capital Weather Gang, which limits its reporting to the weather.(13)
卡姆登 · 沃克是华盛顿邮报 》 的记者。他是报社的资本天气帮派,这就限制了其在天气报告的一部分。

“When the jet stream came south, the floodgates opened from the north and we had a direct flow from the Arctic.”(14)

But the polar vortex did not have the same effect everywhere.(15)

“Interestingly enough, it is warmer in Alaska and also somewhat warmer over Greenland because when you deplete the North Pole and the Arctic region of its cold air, when it’s forced southward, it can’t all stay there.(16)

Basically it’s a bubble that is draining toward us. It is rushing towards us in the United States.”(17)

Camden Walker says the weather system moved away quickly from places like Washington. But the cold air and high winds were staying longer in the middle of the country.(18)

At least 20 deaths were blamed on the cold weather nationwide. Health experts said people should go outside buildings for only 10 to 20 minutes at a time.(19)
至少 20 人死亡被归咎于全国范围内的冷天气。卫生专家说: 人们应该去大楼外面仅 10 至 20 分钟一次。

They warned that being outside in such cold can cause frostbite. This condition may cause exposed parts of the body to freeze.(20)

Temperatures of minus 10 degrees Celsius or lower were reported in Washington, New York, Boston and Philadelphia.(21)
零下 10 摄氏度或更低的温度下宗在华盛顿、 纽约、 波士顿和费城。

In fact, temperatures in all or parts of the 50 states were below freezing at some point on Tuesday.(22)
事实上,所有或部分的 50 个州中的温度低于周二在一些点冻结。

Even in Hawaii, it was minus six degrees at the top of the state’s highest mountain.(23)

The effect of the polar vortex was extensive. Airline companies cancelled more than 11,000 flights over a four day period. The cold weather also interfered with train service.(24)
极地涡旋的影响是广泛的。航空公司已超过 11,000 航班取消为期四天。寒冷的天气也干扰了列车服务。

In the south, the Tennessee Valley Authority said it set a single day record for electricity as homeowners struggled to stay warm. The TVA provides power to seven states.(25)
在南方,田纳西流域管理局说它创下一天用电房主挣扎保持温暖。TVA 提供七个国家的权力。

And it was not just North America that experienced extreme cold. Over in the Pacific Ocean, a Russian research ship was stuck in ice for over a week.(26)

The Shokalskiy left New Zealand on November 28. The ship was carrying 52 passengers when it became stuck.(27)
Shokalskiy 11 月 28 日离开新西兰。这艘船正 52 乘客当它成为了被困。

They were rescued January 2, when a helicopter flew them to an Australian icebreaker.(28)
他们获救 1 月 2 日,当他们一架直升机飞到了澳大利亚的破冰船。

And that’s In The News from VOA Learning English. I’m Steve Ember.(29)

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