Songs Against Slavery Used as Tool for Abolition
2014-01-14 00:22:53

December 18, 2013, was the 149th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the United States. The fight to end slavery did not begin with the American Civil War.(1)
2013 年 12 月 18 日,是废除奴隶制在美国的 149th 周年纪念。结束奴隶制的斗争没有开始与美国内战。

For more than 80 years before then, people used the tools at their disposal to fight for and against the enslavement of African-Americans. One of those tools was music.(2)
在此之前先超过 80 年,人们用于工具在其处置斗争和反对奴役的非洲裔美国人。这些工具之一是音乐。

When the United States became a nation, African slaves weren’t just picking cotton in Alabama. They were also cleaning houses in Pennsylvania and tending bar in New York City.(3)

But by the early 1800s, Northern states largely outlawed the practice and were pressing the South to do the same.(4)
但 19 世纪初,由北部各州很大程度上禁止这种做法,按南也这样做。

“Get Off The Track” was a song written and made famous by the most popular United States singing troupe of the 1840s and 1850s, the Hutchinson Family Singers.(5)
"下车轨道"是一首歌写和提出著名的十九世纪四十年代和 19 世纪 50 年代,哈钦森家族歌手最受欢迎的美国歌唱艺术团。

Scott Gac wrote a book about the Hutchinson Family called “Singing for Freedom.”(6)
斯科特 gac 中写了一本书哈钦森家庭叫"唱歌的自由"。

“'Get Off The Track' is very much the soundtrack to the anti-slavery movement of the 1840s in the way that 'We Shall Overcome' was the song of the 1960s and the Civil Rights movement,” he said.(7)
"' 拿掉轨道 '是非常' 我们应克服 ' 是 1960 年代的这首歌的方式在 1840 年的反奴隶制运动和民权运动中的电影配乐,"他说。

The Hutchinson Family became famous by attaching themselves to the American Anti-slavery Society, a church-based group that fought slavery in the courts.(8)

They traveled the country, singing at Society meetings, selling sheet music for their songs and, Gac says, changing the way American reformers expressed themselves.(9)
他们走遍全国,在社会会议唱、 卖他们的歌曲乐谱和 gac 中说,改变美国改革者表达自己的方式。

“The Hutchinson family singers don’t invent protest music, but what the Hutchinsons create, really as American singers they create the idea of a protest singer can make money,” Gac said.(10)
"哈钦森家族的歌手不能发明抗议的音乐,但什么 Hutchinsons 创建、 真的作为他们创建的美国歌手抗议歌手的想法可以赚钱,"说的 gac。

As for those who were enslaved in the South, they were not able to protest slavery outright - they had no freedom.(11)

But they are known to have sung songs like "Go Down Moses," songs that addressed their slavery.(12)

After the ratification of the 13th Amendment, African-Americans were - for the first time - allowed to start their own institutions of higher learning.(13)
第 13 次修正案的批准后, 非洲裔美国人-第一次-允许启动自己的高等学府的机构。

Many of these schools formed choirs who toured the U.S. not only to raise money, but also to do something else, according to Kip Lornell, a professor at George Washington University.(14)
这些学校的许多硖尾 Lornell,乔治 · 华盛顿大学教授根据形成参观美国不仅,筹集资金,也要做其他事情的唱诗班。

“To present black choral singing in such a way that white people who - most of whom had never heard black choral singing like this - could appreciate the fact that blacks were not just uneducated and unable to do anything but sing older spirituals and work songs, but in fact had created a bold body of important works,” he said.(15)

It was a tradition that would be carried on well into the 20th century as African-Americans would use song to protest for Civil Rights.(16)
它是传统,将采取进入 20 世纪为非洲裔美国人会使用歌曲来抗议的公民权利。

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