Survey: Poor Oral Health among Olympians
2013-10-02 15:29:47


Olympic athletes train long and hard to achieve peak performance. But a new study indicates training should include regular dental check-ups.(1)
奥林匹克运动员训练很久以实现最佳性能。但一项新研究表明,培训应包括定期检查牙齿。

More than 300 athletes at the 2012 London Olympics took part in a survey on oral health. They represented 25 sports, with most competing in track and field.(2)
超过 300 运动员在 2012 年伦敦奥运会参加口腔健康调查。他们代表 25 体育,与大多数竞争对手在田径场。

Ian Needleman, who led the research, said, “We put together a hypothesis that since oral health can affect quality of life it could have an impact on their training and performance.(3)
伊恩 · 内德勒曼带领的研究,说,"我们在一起把一种假设,因为口腔健康可以影响生活质量的而且能够对他们的培训和性能的影响。

And that's really what led to this research.”(4)
那是什么导致了这一研究。

Needleman is professor of restorative dentistry and evidence-based health care at the University College London Eastman Dental Institute.(5)
裁缝是修复口腔医学和循证卫生保健在大学学院伦敦伊士曼牙科研究所教授。

“What we did for the day to day research was to carry out a detailed examination of the oral health of athletes.(6)
"我们是干什么的每天研究是进行详细的审查运动员的口腔健康。

And these were athletes participating in the games that came along to the dental clinic.(7)
而这些运动员参加来到牙科诊所的游戏。

And the dental clinic is part of a major medical facility that’s always available in the Olympic village to games’ participants,” he said.(8)
牙科诊所是一个在游戏的参加者的奥运村中总是可用的主要医疗设施的一部分,"他说。

Athletes underwent examinations of their mouths, teeth and gums.(9)
运动员接受了他们的嘴,牙齿和牙龈的考试。

“We found a lot of tooth decay, which was surprising. More than half of athletes had tooth decay. And for a lot of them it wasn’t just one tooth. It was many teeth.(10)
"我们发现有很多的蛀牙,这是令人惊讶。超过一半的运动员有蛀牙。并不是为很多人只是一颗牙齿。这是很多的牙齿。

But apart from that, lots of other issues – gum disease, which was really present in a lot of the athletes.(11)
但除此之外,很多其他的问题 — — 牙龈疾病,这是确实存在很多的运动员。

Dental erosion, which is teeth wearing away due to acidic food and drinks.(12)
牙科的侵蚀,是牙齿磨损由于酸性食物和饮料。

And trauma – damage which you might expect from some sports, which involve contact or risk of trauma,” he said.(13)
创伤 — — 损坏,您可能期望从一些运动,涉及到联系人或创伤的风险,"他说。

Needleman said that the oral problems are surprising, given the fact that many athletes are only in their teens and 20’s.(14)
裁缝说口头问题是令人吃惊,鉴于很多运动员都只是在他们十几岁和 20 年代的事实。

“They’re a young group. They are otherwise very well supported medically – very health aware and training aware. But for some reason oral health doesn’t seem to have got onto the radar.”(15)
"他们是一个年轻的组。他们是否则很好医学上 — — 支持非常健康意识和培训意识到。但出于某种原因口腔健康不似乎在雷达上了。

Researchers also collected a lot of anecdotal evidence about how poor oral health affected competitors.(16)
研究人员还收集了很多传闻有关的证据如何口腔健康状况影响的竞争对手。

“It might have been pain preventing them training.(17)
"它可能是防止他们训练的痛苦。

And then one young guy telling us that he really hadn’t been able to train properly for a year, which is an extraordinary condition to be in.(18)
然后一个年轻小伙子告诉我们他真的为没能一年,是一个非同寻常的条件在正常训练。

And clearly, if his training was affected then performance would be. We know very well that oral health problems can affected people’s confidence.(19)
显然,如果他的训练受影响的性能便。很好,我们可以知道那口腔健康问题可以影响到人民的信心。

People, for instance, who have frequently bleeding gums, often feel a bit embarrassed about that – less confident about being with others.(20)
人,例如,有牙龈经常出血,常常感到有点尴尬,— — 不那么有信心和别人在一起。

And sport performance is to a great extent related to confidence,” he said.(21)
运动性能是有关在很大程度的信心,"他说。

Problems were found even among U.S. athletes, despite the wide availability of dental care in the country.(22)
即使在美国运动员,尽管在国家牙科护理的广泛可用性当中发现问题。

Needleman said there’s also growing evidence that infection or inflammation in the mouth can adversely affect the rest of the body.(23)
内德勒曼说,那里也越来越多的证据感染或炎症的嘴里可以产生不利影响身体的其余部分。

For example, inflammation may increase risk of injury and the ability to heal.(24)
例如,炎症可能会增加损伤和愈合的能力的风险。

He added that the survey results for elite athletes may shed light on the oral health of the general populations of their home countries.(25)
他补充说精英运动员的调查结果可能揭示其母国的一般人口的口腔健康。

“What it suggests is that some of the challenges to oral health [experienced by] these athletes will exist in the general population.(26)
"它的建议是,一些对 [经历的] 口腔健康的挑战这些运动员将在一般人口中存在。

And not surprisingly there is also a very strong effect of social and economic status. So, these things are not equally distributed in populations.”(27)
并不令人惊讶也有很强的社会和经济地位的效果。所以,这些东西是不同样分发在人群中。

More research will be conducted to develop better ways to prevent oral problems in athletes.(28)
将进行更多研究,以制定更好的方法,以防止在运动员的口腔问题。

It’s known that frequent carbohydrate intake, possibly from sports drinks, may contribute to the problems.(29)
频繁的碳水化合物的摄入量,已知可能从运动饮料,可能会造成问题。

Also, intense training could weaken immune system response to infection.(30)
此外,高强度训练可能会削弱感染免疫系统反应。

Needleman said many teams have contacted him about the research.(31)
内德勒曼说: 很多团队关于研究跟他联系。


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