Education Can Help Prevent Obesity
2014-03-12 13:30:36

In many middle and low income countries, obesity levels rise along with income.(1)
在许多中等和低收入国家,肥胖水平上升的收入。一项新研究说,更好地受过教育的妇女是 — — 越好,但他们避免肥胖的几率。

But a new study says the better educated women are -- the better their chances of avoiding obesity.(2)
阿米纳 Aitsi Selmi 博士是伦敦大学学院研究的主要作者。她想知道是否可以在其他地方找到高收入国家的发展趋势。

Dr. Amina Aitsi-Selmi is the lead author of the University College London study. She wanted to know if trends in high-income countries could be found elsewhere.(3)
"我们知道在高收入国家教育和收入往往走在一起 — — 和将那些最受教育和有收入最高的人倾向于最薄和对面不实的"她说。

“We know that in high income countries education and income tend to go together -- and that those who are most educated and have the highest income tend to be thinnest and the opposite being true,” she said.(4)
这项研究在尼日利亚、 印度和贝宁的低收入国家和中等收入国家埃及、 约旦、 哥伦比亚 — —。

The study looked at the middle-income countries of Egypt, Jordan and Colombia – and the low-income countries of Nigeria, India and Benin.(5)

These are countries where income levels are on the rise. As a result, women are buying higher calorie foods. Researchers call them energy-dense foods.(6)
简单地说,他们可以打包打包上磅因为他们往往是在满载糖、 盐和脂肪。这些可以加工的食品或所谓的快餐食品。

Simply put, they can pack on the pounds because they’re often laden with sugar, salt and fat. These can be processed foods or so-called fast foods.(7)
Aitsi-Selmi 说,"研究表明,尽管更高的收入或更高的财富似乎与肥胖的妇女在中等收入国家 — — 更大的风险相关和低收入国家,以及 — — 在中等收入国家东西奇怪发生在这教育似乎开始保护反对这种效果。

Aitsi-Selmi said, “The study shows that although higher income or higher wealth seems to be correlated with a greater risk of obesity in women in middle income countries – and low income countries as well – in middle income countries something strange happened in that education seemed to start protecting against this effect.(8)

So that women with higher education weren’t affected by this wealth effect that made other women more obese.”(9)

There may be a few explanations for this.(10)

“It could be that more educated women just have that different body shape preferences.(11)
它也可能他们有更好的健康,所以他们的投资在未来健康了解 — — 的不同时间偏好 — —,"她说。

They’re more in contact with Western images of beauty, which promote thinness.(12)
但在低收入国家教育、 财富与健康之间的联系似乎有点不同。

It could also be that they have better health understanding – different time preferences – so they kind of invest in future health,” she said.(13)

But the link between education, wealth and health appears a bit different in low income countries.(14)

It may have to do with past economic conditions when many types of high-calorie foods were scarce.(15)

The desire for those foods now may outweigh the protective education-effect seen in middle and high income countries.(16)

“The greater scarcity means that obesity is just not an issue in that kind of environment.(17)
市场不是一样复杂中等收入县哪里有大量产品 — — 和有很多的作出的决定。

Any advantage you might have, socio-economically, where there is higher education or higher wealth, might be used to be able to access a greater quantity of food.(18)

And the market isn’t as complex as a middle income county where you have lots of products – and there are lots of decisions to be made.(19)

And that’s where education may start to kick in as something that helps consumers to make decisions,” she said.(20)
肥胖已被链接到癌症、 糖尿病和心血管疾病等非传染性疾病。

Also, low income countries may not have public health systems in place to deal with growing obesity levels.(21)
Aitsi-Selmi 博士说:"教育和更广泛的环境之间的相互作用"需要更多研究。

Obesity has been linked to such non-communicable diseases as cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.(22)

Dr. Aitsi-Selmi said more study is needed on the “interplay between education and the wider environment.”(23)

She said, “Interventions could target either the education side of things to encourage women’s education or health knowledge.(24)

I mean we need to look in more detail in the pathways that link education to obesity.(25)

Or it could be to do with the general environment and the kind of information that is in the environment.(26)
该环境的信息可能包括多媒体广告,告诉消费者快餐是好吃、 便宜和容易得到。他们往往缺乏食物的营养价值的详细信息。

And that, in some ways, puts those who don’t have education at a disadvantage because the signals coming from the environment might promote unhealthy behaviors like over consumption.”(27)

That environmental information may include multi-media advertisements, which tell consumers fast food is delicious, cheap and easy to get. They often lack details on the food’s nutritional value.(28)

Education, she said, can be a good defense against unhealthy food choices.(29)
Aitsi Selmi 是伦敦大学学院的韦尔科姆信托研究员。这项研究发表在 PLOS ONE。

“Yeah, I think that’s fair to say. If you understand the risks that are around you and how your decisions affect your health, then you’ll probably make different decisions.”(30)

Aitsi-Selmi is a Wellcome Trust Fellow at University College London. The study appears in PLOS ONE.(31)

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